Jute fibers are composed primarily of the plant materials cellulose and lignin. Jute, Hindi pat, also called allyott, either of two species of Corchorus plants—C. It is the second most important natural fibre after cotton and its demand is again on the rise in the world. Raw jute is the industrial term for jute. Jute is a bast fiber, like flax and hemp, its stems are processed in a similar way. ANSWER: Jute. Jute is one of the most affordable natural fiber .Jute fibers are composed primarily to the plant materials cellulose and lignin.It falls into a bast fibre category.The industral term for jute fiber is raw jute the fibres are off white to brown and 1-4 meters long. Jute fiber is commonly used for making strong and bulky fabric or twine that are used in wrapping or bag materials (e.g., Hessian, known as burlap in the United States, and a heavier weight fabric known as sacking). The bast fiber category also includes ramie, linen or flax, industrial hemp and kenaf. Jute is the lowest priced lignocellulosic, long vegetable bast fibre accessible around the globe. Jute is the spinnable bast fiber, of an average length of 1.50 – 3 m, obtained from the jute plant. Jute is one of the most affordable 100% natural fibers and it is second only to cotton in amount produced. It’s … Jute is called the “Golden Fiber of India” because India earns valuable foreign exchange by exporting Jute. Most bast fibres are quite strong and are widely used in the manufacture of ropes and twines, bagging materials, and heavy-duty industrial fabrics. It is a ligno-cellulosic, composite bast fiber. Bast fibers can be obtained either from cultivated herbs, such as flax, hemp, and ramie, or wild plants, such as linden, wisteria, and mulberry. Using jute fiber for composites has many advantages. Jute or Hessian is one of the cheapest natural fibres to produce, and is the second most important vegetable fibre after cotton, in terms of production, global consumption, and availability. The term bast is commonly used to describe bundles of tightly joint fibre cells found in the stem of plants like hemp, flax, jute, ramie and nettle or in the inner bark of wood. Explanation: The color of Jute fibers is one reason for its name as the golden fiber. It is 100% bio-degradable and recyclable and thus environmentally friendly. Jute is a natural bast fiber with a golden and silky shine and hence called The Golden Fibre. Jute belongs to the linden family (Tiliaceae). It falls into the category of bast fiber, which is the collected fiber from the plant phloem or bast, also called the ‘skin’. Linen. Oct 12,2020 - Why jute is called golden fiber ? The industrial term for jute fiber is raw jute. However, another species of jute, called Corchorus capsularis (tossa jute) is considered to be superior even though it is harder to cultivate. Groups of fibers are contained in … Jute fiber is a long, soft, shiny, cheap and non-toxic fiber that can be woven into strong coarse yarn. | EduRev Class 10 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 718 Class 10 Students. Flax. The most important types of natural fibres used in composite materials are flax, hemp, jute, kenaf, and sisal due to their properties and availability. Share 26. Jute is a long, soft, shiny bast fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. capsularis, or white jute, and C. olitorius, including both tossa and daisee varieties—belonging to the hibiscus, or mallow, family (Malvaceae), and their fibre.The latter is a bast fibre; i.e., it is obtained from the inner bast tissue of the bark of the plant’s stem. Jute :- Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fibre that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. It falls into the bast fiber category (fiber collected from bast, the phloem of the plant, sometimes called the “skin”) along with kenaf, industrial hemp, flax (linen), ramie, etc. They are annually renewable crops, growing in 90 to 100 days. Firstly is has wood like characteristics as it is a bast fibre. The fibers are off-white to brown, and 1 - 4 meters (3 - 13 feet) long. Bast fibre (also called phloem fibre or skin fibre) is plant fibre collected from the phloem (the "inner bark", sometimes called "skin") or bast surrounding the stem of certain dicotyledonous plants.It supports the conductive cells of the phloem and provides strength to the stem. It is produced from flowering plants in the genus Corchorus, which is in the mallow family Malvaceae.The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis.. “Jute” is the name of the plant or fiber used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. Share with your friends. The fiber is around the outside of the plant and comprises one-third of the weight. The fibers are off-white to brown, and 1–4 meters (3–12 feet) long. It depends on the product being produced and the equipment being used to produce it. The fibers are bound together by gum materials (pectin) that maintain bundles of fibers drawn with non-fibrous tissue of jute bark. Bast fiber grows the entire length of the plant stalk from roots to tip. Jute fibres are usually classified as bast fibres, which are the plant fibres that can be collected from the bast or the phloem that surrounds the stem of the plant. Banana fibers can be used for various purposes such as in textile, paper or handicrafts industry. Lustrous and golden brown in colour, lustrous and golden brown in colour accessible around the outside of the affordable! Demand is again on the rise in the world color of jute, Hindi pat, also called allyott either. 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