The population of Himachal Pradesh forms 0.57 percent of India in 2011. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state. (2000) Status and conservation of rare and endangered medicinal plants in the Indian trans-Himalaya. [125] In addition, school enrolment and participation rates for girls are almost universal at the primary level. [15] The British gradually emerged as the paramount power in the region. Himachal hosted the first Paragliding World Cup in India from 24 to 31 October in 2015. Among the Gujjars of Himachal Pradesh as a whole, Muslims have a share of 39.2 percent. [51], The total GDP for 2005-06 was estimated at ₹254 billion as against ₹230 billion in the year 2004–05, showing an increase of 10.5%. The data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. [15] Mahmud Ghaznavi conquered Kangra at the beginning of the 11th century. Of 37,208 Muslim STs counted in 2011, 36,230 are Gujjars. [73] Spiti Valley in Lahaul and Spiti District situated at an altitude of over 3000 metres with its picturesque landscapes is an important destination for adventure seekers. As of the year 2009–2010, Himachal Pradesh joined the category of high female participation, recording a 46% share of NREGS (National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme) work days to women. [62] According to the provisional estimates of Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, the annual apple production in Himachal for fiscal 2015–16 stood at 753,000 tonnes, making it India's second-largest apple-producing state after Jammu and Kashmir. Buddhism in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh has been a long recorded practice. The region would remain an important center for Buddhism under the Kushan Empireand its vassals. [117] Non-vegetarian food is more preferred and accepted in Himachal Pradesh than elsewhere in India, partly due to the scarcity of fresh vegetables on the hilly terrain of the state. At 6,816 m, Reo Purgyil is the highest mountain peak in the state of Himachal Pradesh. As of 2002, the IHR is undergoing large scale irrational extraction of wild, medicinal herbs, thus endangering many of its high-value gene stock. Many high-capacity hydropower plants have been constructed which produce surplus electricity that is sold to other states, such as Delhi, Punjab and West Bengal. This was a drastic increase from the 13% that was recorded in 2006–2007. Kala, C.P. Xpert Digital Studio/Nishant Sharma. The judiciary is composed of the Himachal Pradesh High Court and a system of lower courts. Its area is 55,673 km2 (21,495 sq mi), and is bordered by Jammu and Kashmir on the north, Punjab on the west, Haryana on the south-west, Uttarakhand on the south-east and by the Tibet Autonomous Region on the east. Among these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, Datarpur, Guler, Rajgarh, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi, and Bilaspur. This study is conducted in Himachal Pradesh. However, the Nepali army could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, India. In brief tourism provides opportunity to escape people from their normal humdrtun lives. Although every former princely state within Himachal Pradesh has a local dialect named after it, Hindi (the official state language) and Pahari are the principal languages. 1.12 District-wise Scheduled Castes Population in Himachal Pradesh. [75][76] The venue for the paragliding world cup was Bir Billing, which is 70 km from the tourist town Macleod Ganj, located in the heart of Himachal in Kangra District. In Himachal Pradesh state, Christinity is followed by 0.18 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Sikhism by 1.16 % and Buddhism by 1.16 %. Hima means snow in Sanskrit, and the literal meaning of the state’s name is in the lap of the Himalayas. The Bilaspur city is divided into 11 wards for which elections are held every 5 years. Himachal Pradesh is spread across valleys with many perennial rivers flowing through them. [15] In the revolt of 1857, or first Indian war of independence, arising from a number of grievances against the British,[15] the people of the hill states were not as politically active as were those in other parts of the country. 200 pp. Hindu. [11] According to a survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh is India's least corrupt state. Agriculture, horticulture, hydropower and tourism are important constituents of the state's economy. [35], The Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh has no pre-constitution history. [103] Himachal Pradesh is a multireligious, multicultural as well as a multilingual state like other Indian states. Kala, C.P. The Assembly is unicameral with 68 Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLA). On one hand, it is playing an important and certainly positive role in the socio economic and political development in state and on the other hand offering new employment opportunities. Western Pahari languages also known as Himachali languages are widely spoken in the state. 13 1.13 District-wise Scheduled Tribes Population in Himachal Pradesh. The Himachal Pradesh Freedom of Religion Act, 2019, replaces a 2006 law that was repealed by the state assembly. Executive authority is vested in the Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister, although the titular head of government is the Governor. of 1950). Source: Department of Information and Public Relations.[131]. Religious Data; Hinduism is majority religion in state of Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers. [105] The tribal population of the state consists mainly of Gaddis, Gujjars, Kanauras, Pangwalas, Bhots, Swanglas and Lahaulas. [10] Through its history, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted the suzerainty of larger empires. Himachal Pradesh Population by Religion. [60] The apple cultivation constitute 49 per cent of the total area under fruit crops and 85% of total fruit production in the state with an estimated economy of ₹3500 crore. [128] The Rashtriya Madhayamic Shiksha Abhiyan launched in 2009, is a similar scheme but focuses on improving access to quality secondary education. "snow-laden province") is a state in the northern part of India. [6] Sanskrit is the additional official language of the state,[7] though it is largely restricted to educational and symbolic use. [123] Himachal Pradesh is an exception to the nationwide gender bias in education levels. The carpets, leather works, Kullu shawls, Kangra paintings, Chamba Rumals, stoles, embroidered grass footwear (Pullan chappal), silver jewellery, metal ware, knitted woolen socks, Pattoo, basketry of cane and bamboo (Wicker and Rattan) and woodwork are among the notable ones. Both are Indo-Aryan languages. As per details from Census 2011, Himachal Pradesh has population of 68.65 Lakhs, an increase from figure of 60.78 Lakh in 2001 census. 12,878,491. Additional Indo-Aryan languages spoken include Punjabi (native to 4.4% of the population), Nepali (1.3%), Chinali, Lahul Lohar, and others. [104], The Hindu communities residing in Himachal include the Brahmins, Kayasthas, Rajputs, Sunars, Kannets, Rathis and Kolis. More than 95% of the total population adheres to the Hindu faith and majorly follows Shaivism and Shaktism traditions,[100] the distribution of which is evenly spread throughout the state. The Buddhists, who constitute 1.15%, are mainly natives and tribals from Lahaul and Spiti, where they form a majority of 62%, and Kinnaur, where they form 21.5%. [113] Local music and dance also reflects the cultural identity of the state. For long, this wetland in Himachal Pradesh was … Summer lasts from mid-April till the end of June and most parts become very hot (except in the alpine zone which experiences a mild summer) with the average temperature ranging from 28 to 32 °C (82 to 90 °F). [5][88] The scheduled castes and scheduled tribes account for 25.19 per cent and 5.71 per cent of the population, respectively. These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. [91], In the census, the state is placed 21st on the population chart, followed by Tripura at 22nd place. Hinduism is majority religion in state of Himachal Pradesh with 95.17 % followers. Incidentally, the Muslim STs of Himachal Pradesh are almost all Gujjars. The state has road network of 28,208 kilometres (17,528 mi),[83] including eight National Highways (NH) that constitute 1,234 kilometres (767 mi) and 19 State Highways with a total length of 1,625 kilometres (1,010 mi). [12][13], Tribes such as the Koli, Hali, Dagi, Dhaugri, Dasa, Khasa, Kanaura, and Kirat inhabited the region from the prehistoric era. [citation needed], Most of the population, however, speak natively one or another of the Western Pahari languages (locally also known as Himachali or just Pahari), a subgroup of the Indo-Aryan languages that includes Bhattiyali, Bilaspuri, Chambeali, Churahi, Gaddi, Hinduri, Kangri, Kullu, Mahasu Pahari, Mandeali, Pahari Kinnauri, Pangwali, and Sirmauri. Snowy mountain range appears to be in sky. Further, state-run Jawaharlal Nehru Government Engineering College was inaugurated in 2006 at Sundernagar. 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