[49] The Tocco family, male-line descendants of Leonardo III and Milica Branković styled themselves as princes on the ground that they represented not only the senior descendants of the Byzantine imperial dynasty, but of the Serbian royal dynasty as well. [75] The ancestry of the Paleologu can be traced to Greeks with the name Palaiologos, but not to the imperial family. [1], In contrast to these ancient and prestigious origin stories, the Palaiologoi probably actually originated relatively late in Anatolia, possibly in the Anatolic Theme. However, Andronikos eventually escaped from prison and successfully took the throne in 1376 with aid from Genoa, imprisoning his father and his younger brother. [7] Though Michael continued to be mistrusted even after this, he married John III's grandniece Theodora Vatatzaina and was appointed as the megas konostaulos of the Latin mercenaries employed by the empire. [114], Supposedly, Rogerio's descendants would then have remained in Casalsottano until 1571, when Giovanni Paleologo was given the fief of Perito and Ostigliano in Salerno. [66] In the end, Andronikos II's fourth son (in order to not jeopardize the line of succession),[67] Theodore, was chosen to travel to Montferrat, arriving there in 1306. [88], The Paleologus family in Pesaro, attested from the early 16th century onwards, claimed descent from 'John Palaiologos', a purported third son of Thomas Palaiologos. [1], In the 12th century, the Palaiologoi are mainly recorded as members of the military aristocracy, not occupying any administrative political offices. Constantine XI died fighting in its defense. Medal of the Emperor John VIII Palaiologos during his visit to Florence, by Pisanello (1438). [87] Because people with the name live throughout the world and might not even be related in the first place, creating an all-encompassing modern Palaiologos genealogy is next to impossible. As the Ottoman Empire grew to encompass more and more Byzantine territory, emperors such as John V and Manuel II labored intensely to retore the union, much to the dismay of their subjects. [20] In an effort to extort money from Mehmed, Constantine implicitly threatened to release Orhan Çelebi, Mehmed's cousin and the only other known living member of the Ottoman dynasty (and as such a potential rival to Mehed), who was held prisoner in Constantinople. However, it soon became apparent Constantine's closest relatives, his brothers in the Morea, represented little more than a nuisance to Mehmed II and they were thus allowed to keep their titles and lands as Ottoman vassals. Helena had already been married to Lazar Branković, the Despot of Serbia, but the three younger children, and Thomas's wife Catherine Zaccaria, and a retinue of other refugees, accompanied him as he escaped to the Venetian-held island of Corfu. On the death of the emperor in 1341, John Kantakouzenos was left as the designated regent, and guardian of his son John V Palaiologos, who was nine years old. Many Western rulers were conscious of their failure to prevent Byzantium's fall and welcomed these men at their courts. John V married Helena Kantakouzene, daughter of his co-emperor John VI Kantakouzenos and Irene Asanina, on 28 May 1347. This coin has an unpublished siglon. [96] Following his exile, Theodore established himself as an assassin and appears to have garnered an impressive reputation. In 1478, Theodore travelled to Venice with his father, Paul, and became a stratiote. George served as the doux of Dyrrhachium in the reign of Alexios I and was accorded the title of kouropalates. [15] Even during the final decades of the Byzantine Empire, the Palaiologoi often found it difficult to cooperate with each other. From 1343 to 1345 he arranged alliances with the Turks and married his daughter to the Ottoman sultan Orhan. Additionally, they continued to style themselves as despots of Epirus until the 17th century, when they instead began to title themselves as princes of Achaea. In the meantime, John VI Kantakouzenos attempted to consolidate his own dynasty on the imperial throne, marrying his daughter Helena to John V and proclaiming his son Matthew Kantakouzenos as co-emperor. John V retook the throne in 1379 but reached an agreement with Andronikos in 1381, wherein Andronikos was to succeed him as emperor, passing over Manuel. John V Palaeologus, (born June 18, 1332, Didymoteichon, Byzantine Empire [modern Dhidhimótikhon, Greece]—died February 16, 1391, Constantinople, Byzantine Empire [now Istanbul, Turkey]), Byzantine emperor (1341–91) whose rule was marked by civil war and increased domination by the Ottoman Turks, despite his efforts to salvage the empire. In 1347, he entered Constantinople in triumph with an army of 1,000 men, and forced his opponents to an arrangement by which he became joint emperor with John V Palaiologos and sole administrator during the minority of his colleague. [2] Granted the title of despotēs by his father, the future Manuel II traveled west to seek support for the Byzantine Empire in 1365 and in 1370, serving as governor in Thessalonica from 1369. To avoid infighting, their mother Helena Dragaš decided that Constantine was to be the next emperor. His stay in Casalsottano is said to have attracted Byzantine refugees of other families, such as the Notaras and Komnenoi, to the hamlet in the aftermath of Constantinople's fall, and together they supposedly erected the Spirito Santo church, which still stands today. [1], Though most of the Palaiologan era was defined by decline and war, it was also an age of cultural flourishing, beginning in the late 13th century. [92] It would be difficult to explain why Allatius, a respected scholar, would simply make up a member of an ancient dynasty. During their rule as emperors, the Palaiologoi were not well-liked by their subjects, mostly on account of their religious policy. Andronikos died in 1385 and his son, John VII Palaiologos briefly managed to usurp the throne in 1390. Ιωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος, "Iōannēs V Palaiologos"), (18 June, 1332 – February 16, 1391) was the son of Emperor Andronikos III Palaiologos and Anna of Savoy. In the decades after 1453, Ottoman tax registers show a consortium of noble Greeks co-operating to bid for the lucrative tax farming district including Constantinople and the ports of western Anatolia. They are recorded numerous times as donors to monasteries, and intermarried several times with the Komnenos dynasty during its rule over the Byzantine Empire (1081–1185). [31] Though Pius II was eager to go through with the idea, and Thomas rode around Italy in the hopes of drumming up support for the venture,[32] no crusade materialized this time either. In 1495, Theodore partook in a siege of Novara and also partook in later battles in Savona and Cephalonia. Posted by Powee Celdran. [115], Another family which claims to descend from the old imperial dynasty are the Paleologu of Romania, claiming to be the descendants of an otherwise unattested son of Theodore II Palaiologos, Despot of the Morea, called Emanuel Petrus (Manuel Petros in Greek). Variant of DOC 5.1:184, table 24, siglon no. [18] After John VIII's death in June 1448, the candidates for the throne were brothers Constantine, Demetrios and Thomas. Commentary. [6] In his youth, Michael had served as the governor of the towns of Melnik and Serres in Thrace, and though he and his family were distinguished among the aristocracy, he was frequently mistrusted by the ruling Laskaris dynasty. Murad II's young son and successor, Mehmed II, who became sultan in 1451, was obsessed with the idea of conquering Constantinople. Some Western pretenders who wished to restore the Latin Empire, such as the King of Sicily, Charles of Anjou, periodically enjoyed Papal support,[59] and several Popes considered the idea of calling for a new crusade against Constantinople to once more impose Catholic rule. None of their own contemporaries appear to have doubted their imperial descent. The promised crusade, the fruit of John VIII's labor, ended only in disaster as it was defeated by the Turks at the Battle of Varna in 1444. [129], Though Michael's successor Andronikos II quickly repudiated the Union of the Churches,[130] many of the Palaiologan emperors worked to ensure its restoration. 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