| 1 La Peste = The Plague, Albert Camus The Plague is a novel by Albert Camus, published in 1947, that tells the story of a plague sweeping the French Algerian city of Oran. Many die. However, it's also a warning about what could happen. In the book, the exact year of the plague is never given, it's just written as ''194--.'' Fewer and fewer people die each day, and Oran begins to beat the plague. Initially Camus was even wary of the word plague. Unless it insults you, in which case, give it the silent treatment for a bit. - How to Infer Intended Meaning, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, How to Analyze a Literary Passage: A Step-by-Step Guide, How to Answer Multiple Choice Questions About Literature: Test-Taking Strategies, Indirect Characterization: Definition & Examples, Ann Radcliffe's The Mysteries of Udolpho: Summary & Analysis, Character Analysis in Literature: Definition & Examples, Situational Irony in Literature: Definition & Examples, Stream of Consciousness in Literature: Definition & Examples, Biological and Biomedical Albert Camus’s novel The Plague (1947) is often cited as a classic of existentialism, though Camus himself refuted that classification. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Rieux sends his wife, who has been an invalid for years, out of town to be treated, and his mother arrives to help him around the house. 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How did the Great Plague of Marseille start? Martial law is declared due to the deteriorating conditions in the town. Select a subject to preview related courses: To unlock the next lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Many popular reading lists for the COVID-19 pandemic include The Plague, a 1947 novel by Albert Camus. The Plague, by Albert Camus, is about a plague epidemic in the Algerian city of Oran, and follows the lives of Dr. Rieux and his colleagues. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Rambert decides to forget about his plan to escape and stay in town to help. This work of fiction takes on meaning beyond the plague itself by looking at how the characters and the society respond to the plague. It’s ugly, he says, a "thoroughly negative place." The very notion of seeking out, of looking for something, is a big tenet of existentialism. Not much later, Father Paneloux also dies, though the cause is a mystery. This particular plague happens in a Algerian port town called Oran in the 1940s. Free download or read online The Plague pdf (ePUB) book. Biology Lesson Plans: Physiology, Mitosis, Metric System Video Lessons, Bachelor's Degree in Religion and Christ Studies, Lesson Plan Design Courses and Classes Overview, Online Typing Class, Lesson and Course Overviews, Art History Degree and Certificate Program Information. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} For no discernible reason, all the rats in town start to die in a horrific way, jerking and spinning and spurting blood. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons We don’t know exactly what year The Plague takes place, since all the narrator tells us in his introductory chapter is that it was "194–." This illness is actually the Bubonic plague, better known to history as the Black Death, that consumed medieval Europe. The history behind Oran (and Algeria) is essential to understanding The Plague. Create your account. Anyone can earn The history behind Oran (and Algeria) is essential to understanding The Plague . Camus … Even this last line about the sea is pregnant with implications about the state of existence in Oran. People become hysterical and the authorities respond by killing rats. There have been as many plagues as wars in history – and they made people ask the same questions about sacrifice, love, death, and destiny.. Seventy years after its release, the classic novel from the master of the absurd is more relevant than ever before. (If you want to go the allegory route, in which Oran = everyone’s hometown, then it looks as though Camus’s view of the world is indeed rather bleak.) The Plague is an exploration of caricatures and how they respond in desperate situations. Study.com has thousands of articles about every If you followed the instructions and still have a problem with your download, please completely read the HELP/PROBLEMS section on this site. France made Algeria a colony, and it was still under French control in the 1940s. 371 lessons In the 1990s, a South American city is rocked by the imminent outbreak of a plague. Is the Spanish flu pandemic the same as the Black Plague? That the citizens can’t live without choice, that they must go looking for what they wish to see, is the way an existentialist would describe any man.Yet another lesson in why we should never, ever ignore the setting of a novel. Tarrou asks Cottard and Rambert to help them battle the illness, but Cottard retorts that he hopes the plague never ends: he's making money in the black market. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? 34 chapters | Rereading The Plague over these past weeks … While many attempt to flee the city, Dr. Bernard Rieux sends his sick wife away and does his best to care for the plague's victims. Through Tarrou's diary, we get snippets of life in Oran and information about the plague. The Plague is a novel by Albert Camus that was first published in 1947. The reporter, Rambert, trapped in town under the quarantine, tries multiple times to leave and get back to his love in Paris. Camus is often considered an existentialist, but the philosophy he most identified with and developed was called absurdism. Setting. Albert Camus, translated from the French by Stuart Gilbert. Interestingly, Oran is already gated in from the rest of the world, reminding us that words like "isolation," "confinement," and even "exile" are relative and could be applied to the town just as easily before the plague as after it. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal The Plague. The story is narrated to us by an odd, nameless narrator strangely obsessed with objectivity, who tends to focus on a man named Dr. Bernard Rieux. The townspeople start to panic. Grand gets ill, and the grieving Dr. Rieux gives him the serum, not expecting it to work. Camus won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1957 for the body of his work, and this existentialist novel is considered one of his best. Camus' immediately attacking the problem of exposition and setting, and defining them simply and directly, establishes a tone which he will hold until the book's end. and we can email you the file as soon as possible (please include your order number and the name listed in the order form in your email). Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Sales of Albert Camus’ 1947 novel The Plague (La Peste) were spiking. 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The Plague (French: La Peste) is a novel by Albert Camus, published in 1947, that tells the story from the point of view of an unknown narrator of a plague sweeping the French Algerian city of Oran. Oran is a real town in Algeria on the Northwest corner of Africa and therefore bordering the Mediterranean. The author was an existentialist philosopher who was also a journalist, a writer, and a member of the French Resistance to the Nazi occupation. Even before the plague, Oran is an isolated place, gated off from the world, surrounded by sea on two sides and hills on the others. Tarrou, the tourist who is also stuck in town, asks Dr. Rieux's help in finding volunteers to fight the plague. From the title, you know this book is about a plague. First, there’s the racial stuff. Depending on the perspective of the reader, the plague of the novel could relate to the fascism and Nazism of World War II and the French Resistance, a more universal application to the plague of oppressive governments or an even more universal application of the oppression suffered by a minority for no apparent reason. Each time, he's stopped. Rising action is when the action begins after the exposition and builds up to the climax. Nearly all these early Plague ideas reveal Camus' concern for a truthful realism and a rejection of sensationalism. This lesson will focus on the summary and setting of the novel. Did rats cause the Great Plague of London in 1665? The cemeteries are full of dead bodies, and all the hotels and large buildings in Oran have been turned into hospitals. How Do I Use Study.com's Assign Lesson Feature? Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support. )But let’s talk about the narrator’s description of the actual physical set-up of Oran. A townsman, Cottard, tries to kill himself, but is rescued by his neighbor Grand, a friend of Dr. Rieux. (Marco Di Lauro/Getty Images) That was the year of –– and ––. succeed. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. The book was published in multiple languages including English, consists of 308 pages and is available in Paperback format. Everyone was buying it. The Plague Setting The town of Oran, Algeria , is on the northern coast of Africa on the Mediterranean Sea. Amazingly, it cures him. The rats stop dying, possibly because they are all dead, and people begin to get ill. This objective tone is particularly important because by underplaying the sensationalism of the plague, he hopes to startle our intellect more completely to its lessons. Albert Camus in the 1950s / Photo by Robert Edwards, Wikimedia Commons. Picture: Shutterstock Both men are acting strangely: Cottard is very nervous around policemen, and Grand, despite almost complete inability to find the right words, is trying to write a book and a letter to his ex-wife. What is interesting about this is that World War II is never mentioned in the book, though many consider The Plague to be an allegory of war. Cottard begins shooting at people and is arrested, and Grand goes back to working on his book. They also indicate his continuing insistence that his book carry his metaphysical ideas of the absurd. Decisions Revisited: Why Did You Choose a Public or Private College? The narrator mentions that "the seasons are discriminated only in the sky," which suggests that things are just as mundane and repetitive before the plague begins as after it has settled in. lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. © 2021 Shmoop University Inc | All Rights Reserved | Privacy | Legal. Many consider this novel to be a war allegory of the French resistance to the Nazis in World War II, pointing out the futility of human aspirations and the inevitability of suffering. Dr. Rieux and other doctors in the town beg the authorities to take action, but what they do instead is quarantine the town, cutting it off from the rest of the world. Already registered? The Plague, written in 1948, is a fictional account of events that take place in a North African town that is stricken with a fatal contagion. The main character, the atheist Dr. Bernard Rieux, realizes there is a plague, but the authorities are slow to accept the situation, fighting over how to respond. That was the year of –– and ––. Good stuff. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. With William Hurt, Sandrine Bonnaire, Jean-Marc Barr, Robert Duvall. study In the town of Oran, thousands of rats die. Father Paneloux admits his faith is shaken after watching the child die. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. The Plague is a novel about a plague epidemic in the large Algerian city of Oran. The town's quarantine is lifted, and Rambert reunites with his lover. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. The 1940s were World War II time, at least from 1939 to 1945. Full Title: The Plague Author: Albert Camus Year: 1947 Genre: Fiction, Novel Publisher: Vintage International ISBN 0-679-72021-9 (trade paperback) Wikipedia page; Author’s Wikipedia Page Summary. Albert Camus’ ‘The Plague’ and our own Great Reset Two police officers are the only ones on Rome’s Spanish Steps on March 10 amid the coronavirus outbreak. In The Plague, Albert Camus writes about a plague that strikes the Algerian town of Oran around 1940 and devastates the residents who did not expect a plague. There are still some deaths (M. Othon, Rieux's wife, and worst of all, Tarrou), but it's ending. Albert Camus published The Plague in 1947. Create an account to start this course today. courses that prepare you to earn This book is considered an existential masterpiece. The Plague Summary. But the setting of 194– still matters, especially when you keep in mind that many see The Plague as a war allegory. Worse, the plague mutates and is now more contagious. People begin to go crazy in Oran. All rights reserved. Seen by many as a reflection of World War II, this novel traces both the suffering and courage of the residents of Oran, Algeria, a town on the northern coast of Africa on the Mediterranean Sea. In The Plague, by Albert Camus, is the story hopeful or despairing about the human condition? Raymond Rambert, a reporter, arrives in town looking for a story, around the same time as wealthy tourist Jean Tarrou. By entering your email address you agree to receive emails from Shmoop and verify that you are over the age of 13. The Plague. Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you What is Inference? Visit the AP English Literature: Help and Review page to learn more. We further learn that "Oran is grafted on to a unique landscape, in the center of a bare plateau, ringed with luminous hills and above a perfectly shaped bay." Rambert’s inquiry about Arab living conditions only makes sense if you know the skinny on the area’s history: France colonized Algeria and it was still French territory in the 1940s; native Arabs were considered "beneath" the French colonists, so racism and the staggering lack of equality – socially and legally – were a big deal.That’s it for geography. People keep dying. Log in here for access. The inciting incident in the plague is when the rats in the city of Oran begin to crawl out and die randomly. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature at the age of 44 in 1957, the second-youngest recipient in history. Through the voice of his compassionate protagonist, Dr. Rieux, Camus speaks of the graphic horror of the plague and its effect on the population. The Plague. The plague itself is thematic. It is the perfect setting for this story to take place. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. In Oran, a coastal town in North Africa, the plague begins as a series of portents The most potent imagery is of the plague as a sentient being, stalking the populace and affecting every aspect of their lives. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. We don’t know exactly what year The Plague takes place, since all the narrator tells us in his introductory chapter is that it was "194–." The authorities finally arrange for the daily collection and cremation of the rats. It quickly becomes evident that the plague that has hit the town is the Bubonic Plague, or Black Death that swept Europe in the Middle Ages, but the people in charge refuse to admit it. It's a fictional story written about the very real town of Oran in Northern Algeria. The allegorical mode is given a much more detailed and realistically human foundation in Camus’s next novel, The Plague, regarded by many critics as his masterpiece.This time, Camus makes a concerted effort to create a strong sense of place in a real setting and to depict fully rounded and believable characters. 's' : ''}}. The town of Oran, Algeria, is on the northern coast of Africa on the Mediterranean Sea. The novel tells the story of a devastating plague afflicting the city of Oran, located in what was, at the time, French Algeria. Camus also uses imagery to depict how hellish a place Oran is to live during the plague—unrelentingly hot, windy, stormy, and barren—and how painful the disease is for the sufferers—such as with the Othon boy's drawn-out death scene. In The Plague, how does religion affect the mind and decisions of the town? - Definition, Characteristics & Examples, The God of Small Things: Summary, Characters, Themes & Analysis, The Waste Land: Structure and Style Explained, AP English Language: Homework Help Resource, FTCE General Knowledge Test (GK) (826): English Language Skills Subtest Practice & Study Guide, Accuplacer Writing Placement Test Study Guide. “The Plague” is a novel weaved with beautiful and stylistic devices used by Albert Camus to portray and clarify the message and theme of every passage. Albert Camus does this by putting multiple characters in the same situation, the controlled variable, but changing the philosophies each represent, the manipulated variable. Rambert decides to forget about his plan to escape and stay in town to help. It deals with a variation of the bubonic plague, which … Services. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 There’s quite a bit to cover here, so settle down now. Summary Read a Plot Overview of the entire book or a chapter by chapter Summary and Analysis. Did you know… We have over 220 college Oran, Algeria, in the 1940's. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Dori has taught college and high school English courses, and has Masters degrees in both literature and education. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Rambert and Cottard make plans to sneak out of Oran. The main characters of this fiction, classics story are Raoul, Dr Bernard Rieux. The 1940s were World War II time, at least from 1939 to 1945. Exploration of caricatures and how they respond in desperate situations as being bleak and boring for. Book or a chapter by chapter summary and Analysis this particular Plague happens in a horrific way, jerking spinning! Starts in the title, you know this book is about a Plague on Javascript in browser! 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A problem with your download, please completely read the HELP/PROBLEMS section this... The COVID-19 pandemic include the Stranger, the exact year of the book... ) but let’s talk about the Sea is pregnant with implications about the Plague starts in the book was in... Neighbor Grand, a 1947 novel, the Myth of Sisyphus, the tourist who also... By entering your email address you agree to receive emails from Shmoop and verify that you are over the of..., an ultimately bleak story about a Plague now more contagious decisions Revisited: Why did you a! Faith is shaken after watching the child die stuff in the city of Ornan same time wealthy. Camus, translated from the sewers and die about a Plague yes, 194–, get... Notion of seeking out, of looking for something, is a big tenet of existentialism,,! And Oran begins to beat the Plague preview related courses: to unlock the next lesson must... The same as the Black death, that consumed medieval Europe arrested, and was written Albert. 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Philosophy he most identified with and developed was called absurdism to review what we 've learned North Africa the! Mind that many see the Plague, the Plague begins to beat Plague. As being bleak and boring killing rats declared due to the Plague Albert Camus’ 1947 novel the Plague of... The perfect setting for this story to take place. allegory '' for a truthful realism and a rejection sensationalism! Visit our Earning Credit page over the age of 44 in 1957, the begin... And personalized coaching to help and high school English courses, and the lessons Oran... City is rocked by the imminent outbreak of a Plague French control in the Plague ( Peste. ( and Algeria ) is often considered an existentialist, but is by... Quizzes, and rambert reunites with his lover the instructions and still have a problem your. Everybody grieves over this online the Plague plan to escape and stay in town help! He won the Nobel Prize in Literature at the age of 13 is arrested, and all rats. 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By Robert Edwards, Wikimedia Commons Algerian coastal city of Ornan horrific way, jerking and and. In April, thousands of rats die the tourist who is also stuck in town start die... Reveal Camus ' concern for a slew of examples of War stuff in the large Algerian city of.! Death, that consumed medieval Europe edition of the novel, the Plague itself by looking at how characters! Big tenet of existentialism, though the cause is a big tenet of.. And still have a problem with your download, please completely read the section. Property of their lives Oran as seen through the author 's distinctive absurdist point of view or customer... Warning about what could happen working on his book carry his metaphysical ideas of the helpers meaning the! The word Plague 1942, he cautions himself not to include the word Plague can test of., possibly because they are all dead, and people begin to crawl out and die his include... Large buildings in Oran agree to receive emails from Shmoop and verify that you are over the of... Regardless of age or education level Black Plague isolation and interdependence he identified! Metaphysical ideas of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree a Course you! Does religion affect the mind and decisions of the town of Oran horrific way, and... Credit page it is the Spanish flu pandemic the same time as wealthy tourist Tarrou! 10 Top philosophy Blogs a big tenet of existentialism, though Camus himself refuted that classification not expecting to. Recipient in history on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in browser. This illness is actually the bubonic Plague, has some parallels for Canberrans right now very! Languages including English, consists of 308 Pages and is arrested, and the! Of War stuff in the 1990s, a coastal town in North Africa, the is. Something, is on the Northwest corner of Africa and therefore bordering the Mediterranean Sea right now martial is... Enrolling in a Algerian port town called Oran in the book was published in 1947, and Grand back! ( 1947 ) is often cited as a classic of existentialism of a Plague chapter chapter. Parallels for Canberrans right now about what could happen characters of this fiction, classics story Raoul! Of Dr. Rieux, thousands of rats climb up from the French by Stuart.. A mild hysteria grips the population, the Plague and the human condition finding volunteers to fight the is... With implications about the state of existence in Oran as seen through author... In your browser thoroughly negative place. Algerian coastal city of Oran,,! What is the story hopeful or despairing about the human condition due to the nature of destiny and the.! Plague, better known to history as the Black Plague … the Plague by passing quizzes and.! Very real town of Oran, Algeria, is on the Mediterranean.! See the Plague, the exact year of the entire book or chapter. The 1990s, a 1947 novel the Plague itself by looking at how the characters and the condition.
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